The tiger, one of the most magnificent animals in the world, is also one of the most endangered. A cat of beauty, strength, and majesty, the tiger is master of all and subject to none – except humans. Of the eight original subspecies of tigers, three have become extinct within the last 60 years; and there are less than 50 South China tigers left on this planet – few, and possibly none, survive in the wild.
There are five different kinds or subspecies of tiger alive in the world today. These tigers are called Siberian, South China, Indochinese, Bengal, and Sumatran. Their Latin name is Panthera tigris. Tigers are an endangered species; only about 5,000 to 7,400 tigers are left in the wild. Three tiger subspecies, the Bali, Javan, and Caspian tigers have become extinct in the past 70 years.
From around 40,000 tigers at the turn of the last century, there are just 1411 tigers left in India. 2009 was the worst year for tigers in India, with 86 deaths reported. There are 37 Tiger sanctuaries in India. However, 17 sanctuaries are on the verge of losing their tiger population. Corbett National Park is the oldest tiger park in India. It was created in 1936 as ‘Hailey National Park’. The Kanha National Park’s lush sal and bamboo forests, grassy meadows and ravines provided inspiration to Rudyard Kipling for his famous novel, The Jungle Book.
Issues with Tiger Conservation:
The illegal poaching of tigers for their parts and destruction of their habitat through destruction and buffer zone encroachment are the biggest challenges faced in the fight to save our Tigers. Click on the links to get an in-depth understanding of the mentioned challenges.
What needs to be done?
- Relocation of Villages to prevent encroachment of buffer zones.
- Stopping highway construction through forests.
- Stopping Illegal mining and Timber trade in Forest Areas which lead to erosion of Forest corridors.
- Setting up of a Tiger Protection Force to check poaching.
- Fill up Forest Guard Vacancies for better control and monitoring over the poaching issue.
- Equipment provision & Training to Forest Guards to face challenges and tackle poachers.
- Adequate compensation to villagers to stop revenge killing.
Posted by Bestsolver on 3rd Dec 2010
**1411 is average estimate of India’s wild tigers, as per the monitoring exercise by Wildlife Institute of India in association with NTCA, Government of India in 2008.